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Util-linux-ng 2.14.1  

2009-01-12 15:43:09|  分类: linux-system |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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The Util-linux-ng package contains miscellaneous utility programs. Among them are utilities for handling file systems, consoles, partitions, and messages.

taskset
    Retrieves or sets a process' CPU affinity
arch
    Reports the machine's architecture
readprofile
    Reads kernel profiling information
dmesg
    Dumps the kernel boot messages


hwclock
    Reads or sets the system's hardware clock, also called the Real-Time Clock (RTC) or Basic Input-Output System (BIOS) clock
rtcwake
    Used to enter a system sleep state until specified wakeup time
ctrlaltdel
    Sets the function of the Ctrl+Alt+Del key combination to a hard or a soft reset
setarch
    Changes reported architecture in a new program environment and sets personality flags


setterm
    Sets terminal attributes
pivot_root
    Makes the given file system the new root file system of the current process
agetty
    Opens a tty port, prompts for a login name, and then invokes the login program
setsid
    Runs the given program in a new session


ionice
    Gets or sets the io scheduling class and priority for a program
renice
    Alters the priority of running processes
ipcrm
    Removes the given Inter-Process Communication (IPC) resource
ipcs
    Provides IPC status information
chrt
    Manipulates real-time attributes of a process
flock
    Acquires a file lock and then executes a command with the lock held


ul
    A filter for translating underscores into escape sequences indicating underlining for the terminal in use
ldattach
    Attaches a line discipline to a serial line
cytune
    Tunes the parameters of the serial line drivers for Cyclades cards
blockdev
    Allows users to call block device ioctls from the command line
losetup
    Sets up and controls loop devices


addpart
    Informs the Linux kernel of new partitions
delpart
    Asks the Linux kernel to remove a partition
fdisk
    Manipulates the paritition table of the given device
sfdisk
    A disk partition table manipulator
cfdisk
    Manipulates the partition table of the given device
partx
    Tells the kernel about the presence and numbering of on-disk partitions
swapon
    Enables devices and files for paging and swapping and lists the devices and files currently in use
isosize
    Reports the size of an iso9660 file system


mkfs
    Builds a file system on a device (usually a hard disk partition)
mkfs.bfs
    Creates a Santa Cruz Operations (SCO) bfs file system
mkfs.cramfs
    Creates a cramfs file system
mkfs.minix
    Creates a Minix file system
mkswap
    Initializes the given device or file to be used as a swap area
fdformat
    Low-level formats a floppy disk
fsck.cramfs
    Performs a consistency check on the Cramfs file system on the given device
fsck.minix
    Performs a consistency check on the Minix file system on the given device


mount
    Attaches the file system on the given device to a specified directory in the file-system tree
umount
    Disconnects a file system from the system's file tree


getopt
    Parses options in the given command line
mcookie
    Generates magic cookies (128-bit random hexadecimal numbers) for xauth
logger
    Enters the given message into the system log
write
    Sends a message to the given user if that user has not disabled receipt of such messages


whereis
    Reports the location of the binary, source, and man page for the given command
chkdupexe
    Finds duplicate executables
namei
    Shows the symbolic links in the given pathnames


rename
    Renames the given files, replacing a given string with another
rev
    Reverses the lines of a given file
column
    Formats a given file into multiple columns
hexdump
    Dumps the given file in hexadecimal or in another given format


wall

    Displays the contents of a file or, by default, its standard input, on the terminals of all currently logged in users
pg
    Displays a text file one screen full at a time
more
    A filter for paging through text one screen at a time
tailf
    Tracks the growth of a log file. Displays the last 10 lines of a log file, then continues displaying any new entries in the log file as they are created
col
    Filters out reverse line feeds
colcrt
    Filters nroff output for terminals that lack some capabilities, such as overstriking and half-lines
colrm
    Filters out the given columns
look
    Displays lines that begin with the given string
line
    Copies a single line


script
    Makes a typescript of a terminal session
scriptreplay
    Plays back typescripts using timing information
tunelp
    Tunes the parameters of the line printer


ddate
    Gives the Discordian date or converts the given Gregorian date to a Discordian one
cal
    Displays a simple calendar


linux32
    A symbolic link to setarch
linux64
    A symbolic link to setarch
i386
    A symbolic link to setarch
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